Essay on homeschooling


Homeschooling is the education of children at home or a variety of other places. It is usually conducted by a parent or a tutor. Before the 19th century, many children received education at home by working in a family business or running a household. It was temporary discontinued shortly after establishing the free, compulsory education system. In the 1960s, John Holt, an American educator, questioned about the education system and began to advocate the education of children at home by their parents. Some parents in America followed Holt’s suggestion several years later and it gradually spread to countries in Europe. This alternative education is generally known as home education in the United Kingdom or homeschooling in America.

 There are various reasons some parents homeschool their kids. Two main motivations are dissatisfaction with the local schools and the interest in increased involvement with their children's learning and development. Parental dissatisfaction with available schools typically includes concerns about the school environment, the quality of academic instruction, the curriculum, bullying, and racism etc. Some parents homeschool in order to have greater control over what and how their children are taught, to cater more adequately to an individual child's abilities, to provide instruction from a specific religious or moral position. Homeschooling can be tailored to fit the children’s ability and learning style. Every child has his own speed in learning new knowledge, which mainly depends on the children’s ability. At school, teachers have to take care of a group of students at one time and teach according to the general learning speed of the students. They may not understand their students well because their time spending together is limited at school. Some talented students may find these lessons boring and cannot pay attention at class, while some with learning disability find it hard to catch up with normal students as they do not have sufficient support from their teachers. Homeschooling gives the advantage of better time management. In places, like Hong Kong, the United States and the United Kingdom, school starts at 8 o’ clock. Students, especially the ones who live far away from school, are forced to get up early and go to school with sleepy eyes. Not only do children spend too much time on travelling to school, but they also have difficulties of concentrating on their courses since they do not have enough sleep. Their learning effectiveness is hence reduced. To avoid students having concentration problems on learning, homeschooling is a good method for the students. Unlike schools, children do not have to spend time on travelling so they can obtain more sleep at home. With better concentration on studying, children can improve their learning speed greatly.

Homeschooling is legal in some countries. Countries with the most prevalent home education movements include Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, Mexico, Chile and the United States. Some countries have highly regulated home education programs as an extension of the compulsory school system; others, such as Sweden, Germany and most European countries have outlawed it entirely. In other countries, while not restricted by law, homeschooling is not socially acceptable or considered desirable and is virtually non-existent.