The Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts,
United States. Founded in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization
of the United States, MIT adopted a European polytechnic university model and
stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. The
Institute is traditionally known for its research and education in the physical
sciences and engineering, but more recently in biology, economics, linguistics
and management as well. MIT is often ranked among the world's most prestigious
As of March 2018, 91 Nobel
laureates, 25 Turing Award winners, and 6 Fields Medalists have been affiliated
with MIT as alumni, faculty members or researchers. In addition, 52 National
Medal of Science recipients, 65 Marshall Scholars, 45 Rhodes Scholars,38
MacArthur Fellows, 34 astronauts and 16 Chief Scientists of the U.S. Air Force
have been affiliated with MIT. The school has a strong entrepreneurial culture
and the aggregated annual revenues of companies founded by MIT alumni ($1.9
trillion) would rank roughly as the tenth-largest economy in the world (2014).
MIT is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU).
The mission of the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology is to advance knowledge and educate students in
science, technology, and other areas of scholarship that will best serve the
nation and the world in the 21st century. We are also driven to bring knowledge
to bear on the world’s great challenges.
The Institute is an independent,
coeducational, privately endowed university, organized into five Schools
(architecture and planning; engineering; humanities, arts, and social sciences;
management; and science). It has some 1,000 faculty members, more than 11,000
undergraduate and graduate students, and more than 130,000 living alumni.
At its founding in 1861, MIT was
an educational innovation, a community of hands-on problem solvers in love with
fundamental science and eager to make the world a better place. Today, that
spirit still guides how we educate students on campus and how we shape new
digital learning technologies to make MIT teaching accessible to millions of
learners around the world.
MIT’s spirit of interdisciplinary
exploration has fueled many scientific breakthroughs and technological advances.
A few examples: the first chemical synthesis of penicillin and vitamin A. The
development of radar and creation of inertial guidance systems. The invention
of magnetic core memory, which enabled the development of digital computers.
Major contributions to the Human Genome Project. The discovery of quarks. The
invention of the electronic spreadsheet and of encryption systems that enable
e-commerce. The creation of GPS. Pioneering 3D printing. The concept of the
Current research and education
areas include digital learning; nanotechnology; sustainable energy, the
environment, climate adaptation, and global water and food security; Big Data,
cybersecurity, robotics, and artificial intelligence; human health, including
cancer, HIV, autism, Alzheimer’s, and dyslexia; biological engineering and
CRISPR technology; poverty alleviation; advanced manufacturing; and innovation
MIT’s impact also includes the
work of our alumni. One way MIT graduates drive progress is by starting
companies that deliver new ideas to the world. A recent study estimates that as
of 2014, living MIT alumni have launched more than 30,000 active companies,
creating 4.6 million jobs and generating roughly $1.9 trillion in annual
revenue. Taken together, this "MIT Nation" is equivalent to the
10th-largest economy in the world.